• What is FAED?

FAED is a concept created back in early 2013 by Andreu Ibañez, Founder of LleidaDrone, and GDG Lleida, the official Lleida’s Google Developer Group, Neosalus Solutions (a specialist in cardioprotection solutions), and Ponent 2002 (Andreu Ibáñez’s company, specialized in IT projects). Andreu is also mentor at the GSOC Google internships on the Liquid Galaxy project, a project with 5 anys on the GSOC.

The main idea of this project is to use a drone to bring flying an automated electronic defibrillator (AED) where a cardiac emergency is happening. This drone will have a support platform with an easy extraction system in order to get the AED as fast as possible.

But sideways the project is the building blocks for any kind of drone based distribution project.

At the 3rd Lleida Drone Conference, july 2013, a proof of concept demo and video was recorded after several months of planning and development.

Here’s the video of the meeting itself

And a web site was created to highlight our ideas and promotion
including the FAED proof of concept demo video
We spread the word in many conferences and presentations around Spain and also in UK.
But due to a new drone regulation in Spain the project was stopped there.

The FAED project is a working progress for the near future due to many causes:
  • Legality: in most countries the drone are being regulated and having a deployment like this is ilegal. But there’re options for trials at least, regarding emergency projects.
  • Obstacle avoiding technology: the drone ports and drop points are a simple but workable approach. Unless sensor technology does not evolve a lot, Google's Tango project and Intel’s Intellisense are good steps, we can not think in land anywhere.
  • General state of the art and fast evolution of the technology: the drone technology is evolving at a very fast pace.

Our goal is to continue developing our, mixing hardware and software, and we’ll see where our efforts, without sponsorship or incomes, arrive.

For this reason our plan is continue the programming effort initiated in 2013 and 2014 and:
  • slice it in different subprojects.
  • find partners and students for each one.
  • develop the idea together.
  • arrive to a working demo, with some parts in place for real and some simulated.


We have built a little community around GSOC with the Liquid Galaxy project, Interactive Spaces, and with the help of the regular mentors from this projects, leaded by Ben Goldstein and Andrew Leahy.
Other partners are:
  • OSRF: Open Source Robotics Foundation, ROS creators.
  • Erle Robotics: A Spanish startup with deep knowledge on ROS and drones.
  • EPS/UDL: our local university, partner at the Liquid Galaxy LAB, providing other students.
  • URV: University Rovira i Virgili, with Julio Bondia as experienced student proposed.
And as Lleida Drone we have contacts with hundreds of high profile engineers and companies in the drone sector, not only in Spain, but worldwide.

Inside FAED (preliminary theory)

The concept of FAED is based on two key points:

  1. Having enough AED deployed in a big city has a very expensive cost.
  2. The very first minutes are the most crucial in a cardiac crisis.

To solve these situations, different parts in the FAED project have been ideated: drone ports, drop points, FAED mesh, FAED mobile application and weather stations. They will be described in the next paragraphs.

Concept FAED has to be developed on a fully open and stable platforms, able to be linked with different other systems and applications.

FAED Elements
  • Drone ports: are small covered hangars located on the roof of the buildings, with power supply and network connectivity. Inside there’s always a FAED drone ready to fly upon an emergency central order. Every drone port will have an action area, so when an emergency is happening, the nearest drone to the given location should be sent. They will also have sensors to show if there is any problem in the hangar (closed doors, not enough power, etc.).
Image 2. simulated ‘Hangar’

  • Drop points: are little marked areas in the city, where the FAED drones can land. Landing on any place will be so difficult, due to trees, traffic, and many more things.
Image 3. simulated Drop point

These two elements will be predefined data. They are static elements which will be represented and deployed in the Liquid Galaxy in a kml file. The drone port action area will be defined this way too.
    • Weather stations: along the city there will be weather sensors (wind, humidity, temperature). So, in case an emergency is happening and a drone needs to be sent, we will check if the weather is good enough for a drone flight. In case it is we will allow the drone to bring the AED, on the contrary the drone will stay in the hangar.

  • FAED + Liquid Galaxy + Interactive Spaces => FAED mesh

FAED mesh will be the network of connected drone ports and drop points distributed around the city and controlled by a software engine linked to the official emergency system, that will use the Liquid Galaxy as a visualization tool.

The software will have control and information over the different drone ports, controlling his status, and the drop points, including also weather information such as wind, temperature, humidity and others required.

The system will have to be capable of calculating automatically the nearest drop point for the emergency place, and the most ready drone in their drone port.

Image 4. FAED mesh displaying data

It will also format all the received data in order to send it to the Liquid Galaxy to see graphically the situation in the selected location.

  • Implementing Elements

As said before, this is a conceptual project, so each element will be a node emulating data. In order to do that with the weather stations we will get the weather information of the last five years in Lleida and Tarragona in order to emulate in a very realistic way this element.

The same with hangars. They are supposed to have doors, power supply, ethernet, etc. So we will construct a node emulating this features. This information will be very helpful to know if a drone can start its flight, if it is allowed to do that (also having weather data from stations), etc.

Finally, once the drone is flying it will be sending information by radio downlinks telling the FAED mesh its position. So in the Liquid Galaxy we can show in almost real time where the drone is, the weather in that area and see the action area of each hangar and drone.

Basic block drawing

Partnerships and collaborations

The idea is link those organizations, each one giving different kind of work and support.

Lleida Drone
Lleida Drone Is the first Drone association ever created in Spain back in 2011. With a deep recognizement among the industry, due to our Professional and Amateur drone conferences handled two times every year with thousands of attendees and also some projects born inhouse, such as this FAED Drone project.

Neosalus Solutions
This is our first partner from the AED industry. With thousands of deployed AEDs, has the knowledge of the medical and practical issues of the project. Eradicated also in the Science Park of Lleida.

This is our second partner, the spanish commercial seller of the Samaritan AED, number one in the world.

OSRF FAED subproject

OSRF, Open Source Robotics Fundation will help the project with the ROS drivers and deep knowledge of their platform.

ERLE Robotics
Hardware (autopilots), mentorship and guidance on the project.
Erle and his CTO Victor Mayoral, has ported ROS to the Linux autopilots based on Beagle Board and others, and will help in deep questions through his forums at Erle Robotics.

Liquid Galaxy LAB
The Liquid Galaxy LAB is a space we have at the Science Park of Lleida where we develop our GSOC and other projects, such as Lleida Drone association, who is also based here.
Gigabyte, HP, Benq and Plextor sponsor our Liquid Galaxy LAB students hardware. 

Gigabyte corp central from Taiwan has just donated us a 5 BRIX Pro high specs system to develop and show up around this project.

BENQ has just donated 5 GL2450HT professional 24" screens for the project.

Erle Robotics has just donated a Erle Brain, the very first linux autopilot.

Corsair has team FAED Drone Project for 2015/2016 with new hardware.

Liquid Galaxy FAED subproject

The Liquid Galaxy project will be in charge of the visualization, as seen in the basic slides, importing of the data from different places, formatting them specially for representation on the Liquid Galaxy in almost real time.

Google Interactive Spaces (IS) FAED subproject
IS will be in charge of the linking to the external world appliances, such as weather stations, drone telemetry, hangar status, etc

Google Physical web collaboration
We plan to use Google’s Physical Web technology, where a BLE beacon will be installed on every drone, that will be his virtual license plate. Those PW beacon radiate through Bluetooth 4.0 an URL, that will point to a simple mobile web page with all the data identification of the drone plus information of the actual trip, Drone port, Drop point, emergency serial tracker, etc

Open Source
The project will be open sourced under a OSI license to be choosed.
This will foster a community, open the doors for future common projects, and have a real deal of get people collaborate on it.